4x4x4 LED-Cube Teil 2

Den LED-Cube werde ich über einen ArduinoMega mit den unten aufgeführten C-Code ansteuern.

ArduinoMega mit ATmega2560 Prozessor

ArduinoMega mit ATmega2560 Prozessor

Der ArduinoMega hat folgende Eigenschaften

Microcontroller: ATmega2560
Operating Voltage: 5V
Input Voltage (recommended): 7-12V
Input Voltage (limits): 6-20V
Digital I/O Pins: 54 (of which 15 provide PWM output)
Analog Input Pins: 16
DC Current per I/O Pin: 40 mA
DC Current for 3.3V Pin: 50 mA
Flash Memory: 256 KB of which 8 KB used by bootloader
SRAM: 8 KB
EEPROM: 4 KB
Clock Speed: 16 MHz

Davon nutzen werde ich folgenden Teil:

Ebenen (von unten nach oben, z = 0..3) an Pins A0, A1, A2, A3
LEDs erste Reihe (y = 0) an Pins 22, 23, 24, 25
LEDs zweite Reihe (y = 1) an Pins 26, 27, 28, 29
LEDs dritte Reihe (y = 2) an Pins 30, 31, 32, 33
LEDs letzte Reihe (y = 3) an Pins 34, 35, 36, 37

/*
 cube 
 */
 
#define LAYERs 4
#define COLs 4
#define ROWs 4
 
/* global variable definitions */
unsigned char LEDs[LAYERs][COLs * ROWs];
unsigned char pwmpos = 0; // actual step of the PWM
unsigned char layer = 1; // actual controlled layer
 
/*
 * cmp_carry_shift_left compares the two parameters
 * which results in the carry bit to be set/unset
 * that carry bit is rotated into para_io
 * the complete function consumes only 2 cycles
 */
static inline unsigned char cmp_carry_shift_left ( 
	unsigned char para_io,
	unsigned char cmp_para_1,
	unsigned char cmp_para_2 )
{
	asm volatile (
		// compare the parameters
		// (get the carry flag set/unset)
		"cp %r[cmp2], %r[cmp1]"	"\n\t"
 
		// rotate carry bit into paramter
		"rol %r[out]"		"\n\t"
 
		// output operand
		: [out] "+r" (para_io)		
		// input operands
		: [in] "r" (para_io),
		  [cmp1] "r" (cmp_para_1),
		  [cmp2] "r" (cmp_para_2)
	);
	return para_io;
}
 
/*
 * The timer3 overflow interrupt routine builds the pin states
 * to be output. the actual output is done in the beginning
 * (of the next execution) of the routine to achieve a more
 * constant time behaviour
 */
ISR ( SIG_OVERFLOW3 )
{
	static unsigned char porta, portc, portf;
	PORTB = 0x80; // turn on pin B7 for measuring the time consumption
 
	PORTA = porta; // turn on the pins of PORTA and B in resull of
	PORTC = portc; // the previous cycles outcome
	PORTF = portf;
 
	pwmpos++;
	if ( pwmpos >= 128 ) pwmpos = 0;
	if ( pwmpos == 0 )
	{
		layer++;
		if (layer == LAYERs)
		{
			layer = 0;
			PORTB |= 0x10;	// get an impulse on Pin B4 as debug output
			PORTB &= ~0x10;	// -"-
			PORTA = 0;
			PORTC = 0;
		}
		portf = 1 <= LAYERs * COLs * ROWs ) ? 0 : RX_pos + 1;
	}
	PORTB &= ~0x08;	 // turn off B3 as debug output
}
 
void setup()  { 
	unsigned char i;
 
	// Initialize port directions and output values
	DDRA = 0xFF; PORTA = 0xFF; // first 8 LEDs
	DDRC = 0xFF; PORTC = 0xFF; // second 8 LEDs
	DDRF = 0x0F; PORTF = 0x01; // 4 layers
	DDRB = 0xFF; PORTB = 0x00; // debug output LEDs
 
	// Initialize timer
	TCCR3A = (1 << WGM31) | (1 << WGM30) | (0x00 << COM3B0);
	TCCR3B = (0x01 << CS30) | (1 << WGM32) | (1 << WGM33);
	TIMSK3 |= 1 << TOIE3;
	OCR3A = 0xFF; // */
 
	// init LEDs array
	for ( i = 0; i < LAYERs * COLs * ROWs; i++ )
		( (unsigned char *) LEDs )[i] = 1;
 
	// Enable interrupts
	sei();
 
	// listen on RS232 for new data
	Serial.begin(115200);
}
 
void loop()  { 
	PORTB ^= 0x02; // debug output (toggles pin B1 if nothing else is done)
}

Der Programmcode wird ganz simple mit der eigenen Arduino-Applikation via USB auf den Microkontroller in einem Rutsch kompiliert und hochgeladen. Code in das Fenster einfügen und Upload-Button klicken. Fertig!

Programm zum bespielen von Arduino's

Programm zum bespielen von Arduino’s

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